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M A Weekly - Bulletin May 25th 2024 - BEHAR - 17 IYYAR 5784

05/23/2024 11:45:38 PM

May23

M.A. WEEKLY

                      

 

CLIQUEZ ICI Pour voir ce communiqué en Français (Traduction automatique par Google)

 

 

SCHEDULE

SHABBAT TIMES

 

CLICK HERE to Download the MA SFIRAT HA'OMER booklet

 

No Sunday

 

Friday Night, @Maghen Abraham

 

Mincha 6:30pm followed by Shir Hashirim -Kabbalat Shabbat - Arvit

 

Shabbat Candle lighting  8:10 pm

 

Saturday, @Maghen Abraham  

- 32nd Day of Omer

 

Shahrit 9am

 

Perasha -  BEHAR

Haftara - Yirmiyahu (Jeremiah) Chapter 32:6-22 

 

Kiddush Sponsored by

Maghen Abraham

 

Mincha 8PM followed by Arvit 

 

Havdalah:  9:25pm

 

UPCOMING HOLIDAYS

 

Evening of Sat, May 25, 2024 – Sun, May 26, 2024

 

The holiday celebrates a break in a plague that is said to have occurred during the days of Rabbi Akiva. The Talmud states that the great teacher of Jewish mysticism Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai died on Lag B'Omer, and in modern times the holiday has come to symbolize the resilience of the Jewish spirit.

 

UPCOMING THIS WEEK

CELEBRATIONS

MABROOK!!!

Benjamin Hadid

on his birthday

 

 

HAZKAROT

HAZKARAH

 Mimi Raffoul z'L
Mother of Joseph and Michael Raffoul

 

HAZKARAH

 Joseph Mosseri z'L
Brother of Leon Mosseri

 

HAZKARAH

Frida Sasson Levy z'L
Sister of Selim Sasson

 

HAZKARAH

HANNA IFRAH NEE BOUADANA BAT MAZAL z'L
Mother of Tamar Israel

 

HAZKARAH

  Rachel Saad z'L
Mother of Moussa Saad

 

NOTICES


REFUA SHELEMA TO MoUSSA SAAD
___________________________________________________
refua shelema to AHOUVA BAT MAZAL
___________________________________________________

REFUA SHELEMA TO Shlomo Ben Linda

NEWSLETTER

Bonjour / Hello [nickname_else_first_name],

 

SEFIRAT HAOMER BOOKLET

 

Isaac Darwiche has put together this years booklet for Sefirat Haomer which can be found here

 

CLICK HERE to Download the MA SFIRAT HA'OMER booklet 

 

 

Table of contents

 

1) Perashat Hashavoua - Rabbi Eli Mansour

2) Halakhat Hashavoua (Halakhot related to day to day life) By Hazzan David Azerad  -

The order in which the congregants are called up to the Sefer Torah -peninei halacha

3) Holy Jokes!

4) For KIDS

 

 

 This Week's Parasha Insight with Rabbi Eli Mansour

Parashat Behar: The Way to Look at a Fellow Jew

The Torah in Parashat Behar speaks of the obligation to support a fellow Jew in financial straits, adding, "Ve’heh Ahicha Imach" – "and your brother shall live with you" (25:36). We are to help our fellow in distress so he can sustain himself and continue living securely and happily.

The Gemara in Masechet Baba Mesia (62a) brings a famous debate among the Sages relevant to this verse. The case under discussion is two men traveling together in a searing desert, and they run out of water. One traveler has no water left at all, and the other has enough water for only one of them to live. If he shares some of his water with his travel mate, they will both die. The Gemara cites Ben Petura as teaching, "It is preferable that they both drink and die, rather than one seeing his fellow’s death." In his view, the person with water does not have more rights to his water than his fellow traveler, and so he cannot keep the water for himself. The Gemara then says that Ben Petura taught this approach "until Rabbi Akiba came and taught, ‘and your brother shall live with you’ – your life precedes that of your fellow." Rabbi Akiba inferred from the expression, "your brother shall live with you" that a person is entitled to sustain his own life before saving his fellow’s life.

Intuitively, we would have assumed without any hesitation that Rabbi Akiba’s position is correct. After all, why should both travelers die, if one life can be saved? And why should the traveler with the water not be entitled to save his life by drinking his own water? Why would he be required to share it?

However, Rav Yerucham Levovitz of Mir (1873-1936) noted that in truth, Ben Petura is fundamentally correct. After all, the Gemara said that Ben Petura taught his perspective until Rabbi Akiva came along and established that this is not the Halacha. This implies that Ben Petura’s view represents the intuitive perspective, and we needed Rabbi Akiba to teach us otherwise.

Rav Yerucham explained that Ben Petura’s view reflects the way we are to look at our fellow Jews – as no less deserving of anything than we are. We are not to feel entitled to any more privileges than anybody else. We are all one and the same. Even the water in our knapsack must be shared with our fellow Jew, because we are all equal before G-d. We must care for others no less than we care for ourselves. Practically, we are to save ourselves before saving others. But in principle, we must never see ourselves as more deserving of anything than our fellow Jew is.

The story is told of a certain Hesed organization that was interviewing candidates for the position of director general of the organization, and it posed to them the following question:

Imagine you are driving on a frigid, snowy day, and you pass by a bus stop and see three men waiting for the bus. One is an elderly man, shivering from the fierce cold. The other is a doctor on his way to the hospital where patients are waiting for him. And the third is your best friend. The car you drive has only one passenger seat. To whom do you offer a ride?

One candidate said right away that the driver should offer a ride to the doctor, who needs to get to the hospital as quickly as possible in order to treat patients and thereby save lives. A second candidate said that without doubt, the elderly man, who could get seriously ill waiting out in the cold, should be given the ride. A third candidate disagreed with both, arguing that with friendship comes commitment, and so a person’s best friend takes precedence over everybody else.

But the right answer was given by the fourth candidate. He said that the driver should get out of the car, give the keys to the doctor who should then drive himself and the elderly man, while the driver waits for the bus together with his best friend…

There is no reason to think that we are more entitled to a comfortable ride than those who do not have a car. We are all equally humble creatures sharing G-d’s earth.

Yes, Halacha follows Rabbi Akiba’s opinion, that we are to care for ourselves first. However, Ben Petura’s view must shape our overall outlook on our fellow Jews. If they need our help, we must share what we have with them, and never for a moment believe that we deserve more than they do.


 

 

Halachot this week are selected and Translated by Hazzan David Azerad

 

The order in which the congregants are called up to the Sefer Torah -peninei halacha 

 

The Chachamim established that a Kohen is given the honor of the first aliyah, a Levi the second, and a Yisrael the third. The reason for this enactment is “in the interests of peace,” so there will not be any fights concerning the honor of the first aliyah. Originally, this establishment was only for Shabbat, for many people come to synagogue then, and there is more concern that tension will develop surrounding the aliyot on Shabbat (Gittin 59b). Nevertheless, the Rishonim write to practice this way on Mondays and Thursdays as well, and so it is ruled as halachah (Shulchan Aruch 135:3).

 

If the Kohen is equal to the Yisrael in status, even without the enactment of the Chachamim he would have to be called up before the Yisrael, for it is written concerning a Kohen, “V’Kidashto” (“You shall sanctify him”) (Leviticus 21:8). Still, Chazal’s ruling comes to establish that even if the Yisrael is greater in Torah than the Kohen, the Kohen is called up first for the sake of peace. However, if the Kohen is an am ha’aretz (uneducated person) and the Yisrael is a talmid chacham (Torah scholar), the Rishonim disagree as to the law in this case. According to the Rashba, the Yisrael is to be called up for the first aliyah, since he is a talmid chacham. However, according to Rav Amram GaonRav Natrunai Gaon, and a number of other Rishonim, even if the Kohen is an uneducated person, concerning the matter of the ascent to the Torah, he should be called up even before the Yisrael who is a talmid chacham, and that is how we practice (Shulchan Aruch 135:4).

 

Sometimes, a great need arises to add another aliyah, such as on a Monday when two chatanim (grooms) who are both Yisraelim come to pray at the same synagogue. Since the first and second aliyot are reserved for the Kohen and Levi, if another aliyah is not added, one of the chatanim is deprived of the honor of being called up to the Torah. Although according to the Rama it is permitted to add an aliyah for this reason, in practice it has been ruled that it is forbidden to add to the already existing three aliyot (Shulchan Aruch 135:1; Mishnah Berurah 3). The advice given is to ask the Kohen to leave the synagogue at the time of the first aliyah. Then, when no Kohen is present, a Yisrael will be called up for the first aliyah, thereby allowing both chatanim to be called up to the Torah that day (see Yabia Omer, part 6, 23).

 

Bevirkat Shabbat Shalom Umevorach

David Azerad 

 

 3) HOLY JoKeS!!

 

Selection of funny snippets, loosely related to this weeks parashah or current events, to brighten your day 

 

 

4) FOR KIDS

Click on the image to open the youtube video

 

 

LIFECYCLE EVENTS

Celebrate a lifecycle event with us by sponsoring a Kiddouch

 

CONGREGATION MAGHEN ABRAHAM

 

Contact Us

Maghen Abraham
POB 111, Succ Snowdon, Montreal,

H3X 3T3

 

Synagogue:
4894 St-Kévin 
Montréal, Québec, Canada 
macommunaute@maghenabraham.com

 

M A Weekly - Bulletin May 18th 2024 - EMOR - 10 IYYAR 5784

05/16/2024 07:34:23 PM

May16

M.A. WEEKLY

                      

 

CLIQUEZ ICI Pour voir ce communiqué en Français (Traduction automatique par Google)

 

 

SCHEDULE

SHABBAT TIMES

 

CLICK HERE to Download the MA SFIRAT HA'OMER booklet

 

No Tachanunim Tuesday night to Wednesday

 

Friday Night, @Maghen Abraham

 

Mincha 6:30pm followed by Shir Hashirim -Kabbalat Shabbat - Arvit

 

Shabbat Candle lighting  8:03 pm

 

Saturday, @Maghen Abraham  

- 25th Day of Omer

 

Shahrit 9am

 

Perasha -  EMOR

Haftara - Yechezkel (Ezekiel) Chapter 44:15-31

 

Kiddush Sponsored by

Maghen Abraham

 

Mincha 7:50PM followed by Arvit 

 

Havdalah:  9:16pm

 

UPCOMING HOLIDAYS

 

PESAH SHENI - May 22nd

Pesach Sheni (Hebrewפסח שניtrans. Second Passover) occurs every year on 14 Iyar. This is exactly one month after 14 Nisan, the day before Passover, which was the day prescribed for bringing the Korban Pesach ("Paschal offering", i.e. Passover lamb) in anticipation of that holiday.[1] As described in the source text for this mitzvah (Numbers 9:1–14), the Israelites were about to celebrate Passover one year after leaving Egypt.

The offering of the Korban Pesach was at the core of that celebration. However "certain men"[2] were ritually impure from contact with human corpses, and were therefore ineligible to participate in the Korban Pesach. Faced with the conflict of the requirement to participate in the Korban Pesach and their ineligibility due to impurity, they approached Moses and Aaron for instructions, which resulted in the communication of the law of Pesach Sheni.[3]

-Wikipedia

 

UPCOMING THIS WEEK

CELEBRATIONS

MABROOK!!!

Isaac Zeitoune

on his birthday

 

MABROOK!!!

Mino Sayegh

on his birthday

 

HAZKAROT

HAZKARAH

ESTRELLA ISRAEL NEE LANCRY BAT SARAH z'L
Mother of Saadia Israel

 

NOTICES


REFUA SHELEMA TO MoUSSA SAAD
___________________________________________________
refua shelema to AHOUVA BAT MAZAL
___________________________________________________

REFUA SHELEMA TO Shlomo Ben Linda

NEWSLETTER

Bonjour / Hello [nickname_else_first_name],

 

SEFIRAT HAOMER BOOKLET

 

Isaac Darwiche has put together this years booklet for Sefirat Haomer which can be found here

 

CLICK HERE to Download the MA SFIRAT HA'OMER booklet 

 

 

Table of contents

 

1) Perashat Hashavoua - Rabbi Eli Mansour

2) Halakhat Hashavoua (Halakhot related to day to day life) By Hazzan David Azerad  -

The One Who Is Called Up and the Torah Blessings -peninei halacha

3) Holy Jokes!

4) For KIDS

 

 

 This Week's Parasha Insight with Rabbi Eli Mansour

Parashat Emor: Preparing for Matan Torah

One of the topics discussed in Parashat Emor is the Misva which we observe each night during this period between Pesach and Shabuot – the Misva of Sefirat Ha’omer, to count the forty-nine days from the 16th of Nissan until Shabuot.

The meaning of this Misva can be understood by considering the name of the Yom Tob it leads to – "Shabuot." Rather than refer to this Yom Tob as "Zeman Matan Toratenu" ("the time of the giving of the Torah"), as we refer to Shabuot in our prayers, the Torah instead refers to this holiday as "the holiday of weeks." Why?

The answer is that we need to prepare for this Yom Tob during the weeks leading to the event of Matan Torah.

The Jewish holidays do not merely commemorate historical events. Their role is not simply to help us remember what happened. Rather, the spiritual forces that were at play at the time these events transpired resurface each year at the time we commemorate those events. This means that on Shabuot, we not only recall the event of Matan Torah, but we experience it anew. Each year, it as though we return to Sinai and once again accept upon ourselves the Torah.

And this is why the weeks leading up to Shabuot are so crucial. If the celebration was only commemorative, there wouldn’t be much to prepare for. But since Shabuot is about reexperiencing the event of Matan Torah, we need to prepare for it. Just as our ancestors needed to undergo a growth process after leaving Egypt to prepare for Matan Torah, we must likewise prepare ourselves during these weeks after Pesach so we will be ready to properly accept the Torah anew on Shabuot.

The Mishna in Pirkeh Abot (6:6) teaches that "the Torah is acquired through forty-eight things." There are forty-eight indispensable attributes that we must master in order to properly "acquire" the Torah, and the Mishna proceeds to list all forty-eight. It has been suggested that the forty-eight days of the Omer correspond to these forty-eight attributes, as on each day of the Omer we should try to focus on one attribute so we can properly prepare for Matan Torah. The forty-ninth and final day of the Omer, the day before Shabuot, is when we are to try to review all that we’ve learned and gained the previous forty-eight days, so we enter Shabuot fully prepared to accept the Torah.

We obviously cannot go through all forty-eight in this context, so we will simply point out two: "Ema" and "Yir’a" – reverence and fear.

Torah, unlike all other disciplines, must be studied with a certain aura of reverence. When it comes to all other fields, it makes no difference what one wears while he studies, in what kind of environment he studies, and what his mood is as he studies. Torah, however, must be learned with a degree of fear, with a feeling of reverence.

The reason can be understood from the Talmud’s statement that since the destruction of the Bet Ha’mikdash, G-d is present wherever Torah is studied. The Shechina (divine presence) used to rest in the Bet Ha’mikdash, and now rests wherever a Jew studies Torah. If we approach Torah learning with this awareness, we will naturally study with "Ema" and "Yir’a." When the Kohen Gadol completed the special Yom Kippur service, during which he entered the holiest chamber of the Bet Ha’mikdash, he would make a special feast, celebrating his having survived this experience. This is the level of fear evoked by being in Hashem’s presence in the Bet Ha’mikdash – and this is how we should approach Torah learning, as well. We need to realize that as we study Torah, we are like Kohanim serving G-d in the Bet Ha’mikdash.

How fortunate we are to have received such a precious gift – the Torah, through which we are able to live in G-d’s presence. May we always cherish this great privilege and commit ourselves to take full advantage the opportunity we have to draw close to the Creator through the study of His Torah.


 

 

Halachot this week are selected and Translated by Hazzan David Azerad

 

The One Who Is Called Up and the Torah Blessings -peninei halacha 

Although every person recites Birkot HaTorah in the morning, the Chachamim established that those called up to the Torah recite the blessings again before and after the reading, so as to instill a feeling of Divine reverence and awe in the heart of the one who is called up, and in the hearts of the listeners.

 

Originally, the minhag was such that only the first and last people called up to the Torah recited the blessings. The first person called up would recite the first blessing before the Torah reading, and the others called up would not make a blessing. The last person called up would recite the final blessing after the conclusion of the reading.

 

Subsequently, the Chachamim established that each and every person called up to the Torah would recite the blessings before and after their portion is read.

 

The Chachamim were concerned that perhaps someone would enter the synagogue in the middle of Torah reading and would not have heard the berachah recited by the first person called up, and  would think that no berachah is recited before Torah reading. Therefore, they established that each person called would make a blessing before his reading. Furthermore, they were concerned that perhaps a person would leave in the middle of Torah reading. Since he would not hear the last person recite a blessing, he would think that there is no berachah after the reading. Therefore, they established that every person called up would recite the blessing at the end of his individual reading (Megillah 21b). The fact that the Chachamim instituted blessings before and after each reading, demonstrates the importance of Birkot HaTorah.

 

During the reading, the person who is called up must read each and every word quietly along with the Torah reader. Since he is the one who recited the blessing on the Torah, if he does not read it himself, there is concern that his blessings will have been recited in vain (Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 141:2).

 

In extenuating circumstances, even a person who does not know how to read, or a person who is blind, can be called up to the Torah, despite the fact that it is the opinion of the Shulchan Aruch (139:3) not to call up a person who is incapable of reading the written words along with the Torah reader. Nevertheless, the Rama rules like the lenient opinion, and even in Sephardic congregations it has been customary in extenuating circumstances to act leniently regarding this matter (see Kaf HaChaim 135:16; Yalkut Yosef, part 3, 139:4).

 

Bevirkat Shabbat Shalom  Umevorach

David Azerad

 

 3) HOLY JoKeS!!

 

Selection of funny snippets, loosely related to this weeks parashah or current events, to brighten your day 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4) FOR KIDS

Click on the image to open the youtube video

 

 

LIFECYCLE EVENTS

Celebrate a lifecycle event with us by sponsoring a Kiddouch

 

CONGREGATION MAGHEN ABRAHAM

 

Contact Us

Maghen Abraham
POB 111, Succ Snowdon, Montreal,

H3X 3T3

 

Synagogue:
4894 St-Kévin 
Montréal, Québec, Canada 
macommunaute@maghenabraham.com

 
Thu, May 30 2024 22 Iyyar 5784