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M A Weekly Bulletin - PARACHAT BALAK 20 JUIILLET 2019/ 17 TAMMOUZ 5779

07/19/2019 11:47:07 AM

Jul19

M.A. WEEKLY 
CHABBAT PARACHAT BALAK    20 JUILLET 2019

SHABBAT TIMES
candle lighting 8:18 pm
chabbat morning :8:30  am
havdalla 9:31 pm

                 PARACHAT BALAK

       PARACHAT BALAK 20 JUILLET 2019 / 17 TAMMOUZ 5779

                    PETIHAT HAHEKHAL : ALBERT BAGHDADI

 

LE JEÛNE DE 17 TAMMOUZ EST OBSERVÉ LE DIMANCHE 21 JUILLET

DÉBUT : 3 :45 AM / FIN : 9 :11 PM  // LE 17 TAMMOUZ ÉTANT UN CHABBAT CETTE ANNÉE, LE  JEUNE EST REPORTÉ AU DIMANCHE 

 

RAPPEL : NOTRE BBQ ANNUEL AURA LIEU LE DIMANCHE 25 AOUT A LA SYNAGOGUE BETH ISRAEL BETH AARON (BIBA) A COTE SAINT-LUC

 

DANS CE BULLETIN : / IN THIS ISSUE :

  1. laParacha en bref
  2. The fast of 17 Tammuz – What happened
  3. Les 3 semaines entre 17 Tammouz et 9 Av
  4. Did Bilam donkey actually speak
  5. Les juifs du Vénézuela
  6. Balak Quiz
  7. Jewish quotes
  8. Le sourire du Chabbat

 

PARACHAT BALAK EN BREF :

Balak, roi de Moab, demande au prophète Bilaam de maudire le peuple d’Israël. En chemin, ce dernier est admonesté par son âne qui voit un ange, envoyé par D.ieu pour les arrêter.

Cependant Bilaam, se postant successivement en trois lieux, tente de lancer ses malédictions. Chaque fois, au lieu de malédictions, c’est une bénédiction qu’il profère. Enfin, il prophétise sur la fin des temps et la venue Du Machiah .

Le peuple se laisse attirer par les filles de Moab qui les incitent à servir l’idole Peor. Quand un israélite de haut rang s’isole ouvertement avec une princesse midianite dans une tente, Pin’has tue le couple, mettant fin à la plaie qui sévit parmi le peuple.

 

The fast of 17 Tammuz

The Mishna teaches that some  things that happened on this date:

  1. Het Ha’egel (sin of the golden calf) occurred on the 16th of Tamuz and then on the 17th Moshe came down and decided to break the Tablets he had just received.
  2. In the Temple a lamb that was less than 1 year old, was sacrificed every single morning and every single evening for the hundreds of years that the Temple was standing. Even during the siege against the Jerusalem (that lasted about 1 ½ years from 10 Tevet till 17 Tamuz 18 months later) they continued giving the daily Korban Tamid. However, after the walls were breached even the Kohanim had to fight and try to defend the city and they also became impure from the bloodshed and the daily sacrifice had to stop. It is also possible that they simply ran out of sheep in the city after being under siege for so long.
  3. The walls of the city were breached. During the first Temple this happened on the 9th of Tamuz and during the second Temple this happened on the 17th. One opinion (in the Jerusalem Talmud) states that it was on the 17th of Tamuz in both Temples, but the Bible made a mistake and said it was the 8th because they were so distraught over the siege and the destruction that they got their dates mixed up.
  4. Apostomus (There are many different opinions on who this Apostomus was and when he lived.) burned the Sefer Torah in hope that destroying the Torah will take away our powers.

 

 

 

 

Les Trois Semaines

Ce sont une période annuelle de deuil qui tombe en été. C’est lorsque nous marquons le deuil de la destruction du Saint Temple de Jérusalem et le début de l’exil dans lequel nous nous trouvons encore.

Cette période débute le 17 du mois hébraïque de Tamouz, un jour de jeûne qui marque le jour où la muraille de Jérusalem fut éventrée par les Romains en l’an 69 de l’ère commune.

Elle culmine et se conclut avec le jeûne du 9 Av, la date à laquelle les deux Temples furent incendiés. C’est le jour le plus triste du calendrier juif, lors duquel eurent lieu d’autres tragédies au cours de notre histoire.

Observances :

Il y a plusieurs coutumes liées au deuil suivies pendant toute la période de Trois Semaines. Nous ne nous coupons pas les cheveux, nous n’achetons pas d’habits neufs, nous n’écoutons pas de musique. Nous ne célébrons pas de mariages en cette période.

Le 17 Tamouz est un jour de jeûne lors duquel nous nous abstenons de manger et de boire depuis l’aube jusqu’à la tombée de la nuit.

Ceux qui pleurent la destruction de Jérusalem mériteront de la voir reconstruite avec la venue de Machia’hLes derniers Neuf Jours des Trois Semaines, le deuil est intensifié. À partir du 1er Av, nous ne mangeons plus de viande et ne buvons pas de vin .

 

 

Did Bilaam’s animal actually speak?

 

There are several different commentaries on this topic.

Maimonides explains that the episode when Bilaam’s donkey spoke never happened in reality but only happened in Bilaam’s dream. Maimonides writes in The Guide to the Perplexed that any instance in the bible when an angel interacts with a person, must have not taken place in actuality but only in a dream. Other examples include: Jacob wrestling with the angel and when Abraham met the three angels.

Samuel David (ShaDaL) Luzzatto writes that the event of the mule took place in actuality, but he didn’t actually speak words, he simply brayed with Bilaam yelling at him, as people do to their animals sometimes. He bases this on the wording of the text, where the word Diber (speak) is not used with regards to the donkey. Shadal too seems to be uncomfortable with interpreting that the animal actually spoke.

Ibn Ezra is of the opinion that the donkey actually spoke. He believes that the event described is being described in a literal fashion. One interesting question is: If he did speak what language did he speak? Midianite?

The commentators that believe it never happened believe so because they don’t agree with the concept that Hashem makes drastic changes in the laws of nature for miracles. In Pirke Avot, it is written that the donkey was one of the things created on the sixth day of ‘creation’. Maimonides explains that the rabbis are teaching us that Hashem is not continually involved in controlling nature; rather Hashem, created the laws of nature, and within those laws set up conditions for certain ‘miracles’ to happen at certain times.

 

 

 

 

LES JUIFS DU VENEZUELA

De plus en plus de membres de la communauté juive du pays, autrefois florissante, arrivent en Israël, alors que les systèmes économique et politique du pays s'effondrent Il y a dix ans, le Venezuela était l’un des pays les plus riches d’Amérique Latine, les colossales réserves de pétrole découvertes au début du XXe siècle constituant la première source de revenus du pays. Mais la fluctuation des cours de l’or noir, associée à la crise économique mondiale, a durement affecté l’économie locale au cours des dernières décennies. Dans un climat de dictature, d’insécurité, de chute vertigineuse du pouvoir d’achat, un nombre considérable de Juifs ont quitté le Venezuela pour les États-Unis – en tant que réfugiés politiques – l’Espagne, le Costa Rica , le Panama ou Israël. La communauté juive s’est réduite d’environ 30 000 à moins de 10 000 membres en une génération, alors que certains d’entre eux s’étaient intégrés depuis plus de 250 ans et d’autres avaient trouvé refuge, au cours de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, dans ce pays qui avait été l’un des rares à accueillir les embarcations chargées de Juifs d’Europe fuyant les persécutions nazies. Même si la majorité des Juifs fuyant le Venezuela part vers le Mexique, Panama ou Miami, un nombre croissant d’entre eux fait le choix de venir en Israël. Le mois dernier, ce sont 26 Juifs qui sont arrivés au sein de l’Etat juif depuis le Venezuela.

 

Balak Quiz

 

1) Q. What is this week’s Haftarah, what is it about, and how is it connected to the parasha?

A. This week's Haftarah is Micha 5:6-6:8. In the Haftarah, Micha prophesizes; in the prophesy, he tells, of many of the ways Hashem helped Bene Yisrael in the desert. One of the ways mentioned was the story of this week's parasha, of how Hashem saved Bene Yisrael from Balak and Bilaam's wicked plot.

 

2) Q. In his conversation with his donkey, how did Bilaam shame himself in front of the princes?

A. He told his donkey, "Were there a sword in my hand, I would slay you." The princes were bringing him to destroy an entire nation through his power of speech, yet for one donkey he needed a sword.

 

3) Q. Why did Balak tell Bilaam to curse the Jewish People from Rosh Hapisgah?

A. The midrash teaches that Balak foresaw trouble for the Jewish People at that site. Moshe would later die there.

 

4) Q. What did Bilaam see that made him decide not to curse the Jewish people?

A. The midrash explains that he saw each Tribe dwelling without intermingling. He saw the tents arranged so that no one could see into his neighbor's tent. We learn here that one of the wonderful qualities of Jews is their domestic lives. We should be proud of the way we live, with our ideals of how a family should be and following the ethics and morals of our Torah. Bilaam summed it up best when he recited the verse we customarily sing at our weddings and some add to the prayer every morning (Ma Tovu Ohalecha Yisrael) “How fair are your tents O’ Jacob, Your dwellings O’ Israel” (24:5)

 

5) Q. Why is Amalek called "The First of Nations"?

A. The midrash states that it was the first nation to attack the Jewish People. It can also be explained that it is a leading nation and that is what the verse is referring to.

 

6) Q. In 22:28 it says, "And Hashem opened the mouth of the donkey", what was Hashem showing Bilaam by this action?

A. Kli Yakar explains that he was showing Bilaam that his prophesy was equivalent to the donkey's. Just as the donkey only ‘spoke’ once, Bilaam only prophesized once.

 

7) Q. What differences are there between Bilaam and most prophets?

A. Throughout tanach our prophets did not seek out prophecy rather Hashem ‘came’ to them. In several instances the prophets did not even want to be prophets and respectfully turned down the offer. When they did prophesize they always told the people exactly what Hashem stated and always prefaced their comments by saying: this is what Hashem said… Bilaam on the other hand sought out Hashem in order to receive prophecy and as we read in today’s parasha did not always transmit the message exactly as it was told to him. In addition, Nachmanides notes that when we make sacrifices to Hashem it is for the purpose of bringing ourselves closer to Hashem and His will. Bilaam used sacrifices to bring Hashem down to him and to try to influence the will of God to conform to his own will. Today in place of sacrifices we have prayer. When we pray to God we should learn from our patriarchs and use prayer to bring ourselves closer to Hashem by conforming to him not vice versa. Prayer is not meant to influence God toward our wishes, rather it should be a mode of perfecting our own ways and improving our lives.

 

JEWISH QUOTES:

A man should not quarrel with his wife to please his parents." ~~ Sefer Chassidim

 

A man who does not want to buy should not say to a vendor: “How much does this thing cost?”"

 

Count your age by friends, not years. Count your life by smiles, not tears.

 

I don't speak because I have the power to speak; I speak because I don't have the power to remain silent.

 

The Jewish people, ever since David slew Goliath, have never considered youth as a barrier to leadership.

.

A Jewish woman had 2 chickens. One got sick, so the woman made chicken soup with

the other one to help the sick one get well.

 

A penny saved is a penny earned.

 

Before you marry keep both eyes open; after marriage keep one eye shut.

 

Choose the hills wisely on which you must do battle.

 

Lend your money and lose your friend.

 

Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy and wise

 

LE SOURIRE DU CHABBAT :

Vous refusez de régler mon incendie sous prétexte que je n’ai pas payé ma prime d’assurance. Et bien je vous rappelle que l’année dernière J’ai payé ma prime sans avoir d’incendie

Ou est la justice dans tout cela ?

--------------------------------------------------------

Papa,c’est quoi un rapport d’impôt ?

Et bien mon fils, c’est l’inverse d’un bulletin scolaire parce que plus tu travailles et plus tu es puni.

----------------------------------------------------

Hier je me suis réveillé et j’ai été surpris de constater que 2 roues manquaient à ma voiture. J’appelle la police et un agent arrive en vitesse. Il me dit qu’il doit remplir un constat

  • Quand avez-vous conduit la voiture la dernière fois?
  • Hier à 11 :00 heures du soir
  • Une question importante : Quand vous avez stationné la voiture, est-ce que les 4 roues étaient dessus ?
  • ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Une femme demande son mari : Si je gagne à la loterie, que ferais-tu

Il lui répond, je prends la moitié et je te dis Bye Bye

Elle lui dit : J’ai gagné hier 12 dollars . Voici tes 6 dollars , et vas faire ta valise

 

 

Chabbat Chalom

Maghen Abraham

David Hasson

 

 

 

 

 

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Fri, November 22 2019 24 Cheshvan 5780