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M A Weekly Bulletin - PARACHAT HOUKAT 19 JUIN 2021 / 9 TAMMUZ 5781

06/17/2021 04:05:25 PM

Jun17

M.A. WEEKLY : PARACHAT HOUKAT
    

SHABBAT TIMES
candle lighting 8:28 pm
chabbat morning: 9   am
havdalla  9:44 pm


 

 

 

 

 

PARACHAT HOUKAT   19 JUIN 2021/  9 TAMMOUZ 5781

 

 

Bon anniversaire à Ronnie Sayegh 

 

 

La Paracha Houkat comporte 3 sujets tristes, le décés de Miryam, le décès de Aharon et l’interdiction ordonnée par Hachem à Moise de ne pas rentrer en Israël.Une partie de cette paracha est lue à Chabbat Parah

 

 

Hazkara: David Bassal Ben Esther(zl) père de Moise Bassal

Houkat - en bref

Nombres 19, 2 - 22, 1

 

 

 

Les lois de la vache rousse, dont les cendres purifient celui qui s’est trouvé au contact d’un cadavre, sont enseignées à Moïse.

Après 40 années de voyages dans le désert, le peuple arrive dans le désert de Tsin. Myriam décède et le puits miraculeux qui accompagnait les Enfants d'Israël par son mérite disparaît. Le peuple réclame de l’eau. D.ieu indique à Moïse de commander à un rocher d'en donner. Troublé par l’attitude du peuple, Moïse frappe la pierre et l’eau en jaillit. Mais D.ieu lui annonce que ni lui ni Aaron n’entreront en Terre Promise.

Aaron décède à Hor Hahar et son fils Eléazar lui succède comme Grand Prêtre.

Des serpents venimeux attaquent le camp après qu’une fois encore le peuple ait « parlé contre D.ieu et contre Moïse ».

D.ieu demande à Moïse de placer un serpent d’airain en haut d’un mat : ceux qui auront été mordus le regarderont et vivront.

Le peuple entonne un chant en l’honneur du miraculeux bienfait de l’eau jaillie au cœur du désert. Moïse conduit le peuple à des batailles contre les rois amorites, Sihon et Og (qui veulent interdire la traversée de leur territoire). Leurs terres, situées à l’est du Jourdain sont ainsi conquises.

© Copyright, all rights reserved. If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad.org's copyright policy.

 

 

 

 

THOUGHTS FROM MAYER SASSON

 

CHUKAT

 

What merit?

 

"… fear him not for I have delivered him into your hand… and you shall do unto him as you did unto Sichon King of the Amorites…." (21, 34)

 

The Parsha of Chukat ends with the description of the victory of the Children of Israel over two kings east of the Jordan River, Sichon the King of Amora and Og the King of Bashan. It is surprising that after the decisive victory over Sichon Moshe Rabeinu was apprehensive about the battle awaiting him against Og the King of Bashan to the point that G-d had to encourage and strengthen him saying "fear him not for I have delivered him into your hand… and you shall do unto him as you did unto Sichon King of the Amorites".

 

This surprising idea is brought in Masechta Nida: "Why was Moshe afraid of Og and not afraid of Sichon? The Gemara answers: Moshe was afraid that Og's merit of helping Avraham Avinu might be in his stead. It says "And the one that had escaped came and told Avrahm the Hebrew…" and Rabbi Yochanan said- this was Og who escaped (was saved) from the generation of the Deluge.

 

On this Gemara Rabbi Yakov Moshe Charlap of Jerusalem said: Og the King of Bashan had evil intentions when he appeared at the home of Avraham Avinu to tell him that his nephew Lot had been taken captive, as our Sages said: His intention was that Avraham would be killed in the war and he would take his beautiful wife Sara as his wife. Nevertheless, since the news Og brought resulted in good for Avraham it is considered a great merit - and Moshe Rabeinu was afraid that this merit from the days of Avraham would be in his stead in the war between Og and Israel.

We see – Rabbi Charlap concludes – how great is the merit of a person who performs kindness, even if his intentions are not good and not desirable.

 

SHABBAT SHALOM!!

 

Mayer Sasson

 

 

 

Une petite méditation sur la section hebdomadaire de la Torah...

 


La Paracha de 'Houkat nous parle de la « Para Adouma », la vache rousse que l'on sacrifiait à l'époque du Temple. Les cendres de cette génisse sont un paradoxe par excellence : tout en étant capables de purifier une personne impure, elles avaient aussi l'effet opposé : si quelqu'un de pur entrait en contact elles, il devenait impur. 

Le roi Salomon disait qu'il était capable de comprendre la logique de tous les commandements de la Torah – sauf celui de la vache rousse. Il en déduit que notre accomplissement des Mitsvot ne dépend pas de notre compréhension. Nous les accomplissons "parce que Dieu l'a dit". 

Vous direz : s’il en va ainsi, comment ce fait-il que tant de Mitsvoth - comme le repos régénérant du Chabbath, ou la discipline qu’on acquiert en respectant la cacherout- nous soient clairement profitables ?

En fait, on peut se poser la même question au sujet de notre santé physique: on sait par exemple que notre corps a besoin de vitamine C, mais pourquoi Dieu l’a-t-elle incluse dans de délicieuses oranges? Il aurait pu simplement créer des comprimés de vitamine C, ou encore intégrer toutes les vitamines nécessaires dans un aliment au goût fade, comme les flocons d'avoine?!

La réponse est que Dieu a insufflé en nous une recherche permanente de signification et de satisfaction. Ainsi, Dieu a voulu nous la donner cette vitamine C, qui est essentielle au bon fonctionnement de notre corps, sous la forme la plus agréable possible. La saveur de l'orange est une bonne raison la déguster, mais ce n'est certainement pas la véritable raison. Il en va de même avec notre santé spirituelle: bien que les Mitsvot nous profitent, la vraie raison pour laquelle nous les observons, c'est parce que Dieu nous l'a demandé. Et le bénéfice réel que nous allons en retirer, sera d’élever notre relation avec Dieu vers des niveaux plus élevés d’amour

Rav Shraga Simmons Aish.fr)

 

 

Aaron and Miriam

By

 

Nissan Mindel (Chabad.org)

 

There were two great brothers and a sister: Aaron, Moses and Miriam.

In the Sidrah Chukkas of this month, we read about the passing of Miriam and Aaron.

Miriam the Prophetess died at the age of 126 (or 127) years. She was the oldest of the three. She died on the tenth day of Nissan, in the year 2487, almost exactly one year before the children of Israel entered the Promised Land.

Throughout the many weary years of wandering in the desert, a well of fresh water followed the children of Israel. The water flowed from a rock which rolled on after the children of Israel and supplied them with water. When Miriam died, the Well dried up, and the children of Israel knew that it was because of the merits of Miriam that they had water.

Then G‑d ordered Moses to speak to the rock, and Moses hit it twice. The water came again, but Moses and Aaron who had not carried out G‑d's command exactly as they were expected to, were told that they would not live to see the Promised Land. However, as long as Moses lived (right up to the time before entering the Promised Land) the Well continued to give them water for Moses' sake.

In the same year that Miriam died, nearly five months later, Aaron the High Priest passed away. Aaron died on the first day of Av (in the year 2487). He was 123 years old when he died, being three years older than Moses.

Throughout the many weary years of wandering in the desert, Clouds of Glory surrounded the Israelite Camp and protected them from the desert sun and other discomforts. The Clouds of Glory also kept the enemies of the Israelites in fear, and they did not dare attack the children of Israel. When Aaron died, the Clouds of Glory disappeared, and the children of Israel were soon attacked by the Canaanite king of Arad: However, the Clouds of Glory later returned for the sake of Moses, and stayed with them as long as Moses lived.

The entire people of Israel, both men and women, mourned the death of Aaron for thirty days. Everybody knew Aaron as a great lover of peace, who brought love and harmony among people and in many a home. When two people quarreled, Aaron would speak to each one separately and tell him how much the other man is sorry for having lost his temper. When the two people met again, they became good friends again. Many newly born children were named 'Aaron' in his honor and memory.

Said our Sages: "Be of the disciples of Aaron, loving peace and seeking after peace, loving all creatures and bringing them near unto the Torah," for "its (the Torah's) ways are ways of pleasantness and all its paths are peace."(chabad.org)

 

 

Moise frappe le rocher

 

Notre paracha relate l’évènement déterminant qui priva Moïse de l’entrée en Israël. Alors que D.ieu lui demanda de parler à un rocher pour que de l’eau puisse en couler, le plus grand des prophètes préféra frapper le rocher. C’est cette « désobéissance » qui fut à l’origine de la sanction (Nombres 20, 7).  Mais, détail étonnant, le mot « faute » n’est pas mentionné à son égard ! Bien plus, le rappel de cet incident sera mis sur le compte du peuple. Ces différentes anomalies seront pour nous l’occasion de comprendre la fonction d’un chef spirituel.

Réfléchissons à  la définition du concept de « faute » qui remet en cause le statut de Tsaddik gamour (Juste parfait). Un homme de l’envergure de Moïse est l’archétype de l’homme qui ne commet aucune faute. En effet, la volonté de D.ieu et la sienne ne forment qu’une seule entité. Dès lors comment expliquer ce décalage entre l'ordre divin, parler au rocher, et la réaction, frapper le rocher ?

Question : Après la faute, peut-on encore qualifier Moïse de Juste parfait ? La réponse est catégoriquement positive car la faute dont il est question ici n’est pas un caprice ou une faiblesse de Moïse mais c’est au contraire toute  l’expression… de sa grandeur.

Le veau d’or

Rachi écrit dans notre paracha que « le chef d’une génération incarne entièrement sa génération et que ce chef est tout » (Nombres 21, 21). Cette osmose entre un dirigeant et son peuple amène ce chef à se donner complètement pour chaque membre du peuple. Ce fut le cas notamment lors du veau d’or. Durant cet épisode tragique, la menace d’anéantissement  du peuple était inévitable. Pourtant au-delà de toute logique, Moïse mit sa vie en jeu devant cette éventualité : « Et maintenant si Tu pardonnes leur faute (c’est bien) et si non, efface moi du livre que Tu as écris » (Exode 32, 32). Le Guide spirituel n’a pas d’existence personnelle. Il n’existe que pour son peuple au point de le défendre totalement.

 Par RAV YAACOV SPITEZKI (aish.fr)

 

 

 

Hukat Summary

 

The parasha begins with the laws of the Parah Adumah – Red Cow.  It was used to purify ritually impure people. The Torah jumps about 38 years ahead and we read about the beginning of the conquest of the Promised Land. Next, Miriam dies and suddenly there is no water.  Bene Yisrael complain to Moshe for water.  Hashem tells Moshe to take his staff and to go and speak to a rock and it will bring water.  Moshe hit the rock and the water came gushing out. Hashem punished Moshe and Aharon, by not allowing them to cross the Jordan River, to the other half of Israel.

         Next, Bene Yisrael encountered Edom. They requested to pass through Edom's land, but the king of Edom refused to permit them, so they turned away.  Aharon dies on Hor Mountain, and all of Bene Yisrael cried and mourned for thirty days.

         Then there is a confrontation with the Canaanites and Bene Yisrael defeats them. Bene Yisrael start complaining to Hashem again and they are punished.  Hashem sends poisonous snakes, and some Jews started dying.  Hashem tells Moshe to make a copper snake, and anyone who looks at it will be healed.  The parasha concludes with the confrontations with Sichon king of Emor and Og king of Bashan.  After this battle they have fully conquered the east bank of the Jordan river and are ready to cross the Jordan to continue the conquest and division of Israel between the tribes (The Torah does not record the conquests on the west side of the Jordan, we read about it in the first book of Navi - Yehoshua)

 

Hukat Quiz

 

 

4)  Q.  The Midrash teaches that the cloud that led the Jewish People in the Midbar leveled all the mountains that were in their path except for three.  Which three and why?

     A. The mountains that were spared were Har Sinai for the giving of the Torah, Har Nevo for Moshe's burial place, and Hor Hahar for Aaron's burial place. (Rashi explains that it was called Hor Hahar, because it was a little mountain on top of a big one).

 

5) Q. Why did the entire congregation mourn the death of Aharon?

    A.  According to the Midrash, Aaron made peace between contending parties including man and wife.  Therefore, when he died, both men and women mourned.

 

6)   Q.  What disappeared when Aaron died?

      A.  The Midrash states that the Ananei Hakavod (clouds of glory) disappeared, since they sheltered the Jewish People in the merit of Aharon.

 

7)  Q.   Who was "the inhabitant of the South" (21:1) that attacked th1) Q.   What modern day medical symbol comes from this week’s parasha?

       A.   When Bene Yisrael were dying from the poisonous snake Hashem commanded Moshe to make a copper snake, and everyone who looked at it was healed.  Today a medical symbol (found on ambulances and emblems), is a snake wrapped around a stick. 

         There is a very important and relevant lesson we must learn from the copper snake.  Many people today (and in every generation since the Torah was given) look for physical objects to protect them and heal them.  There must be something in human nature that draws us to these amulets.  The Torah warns against this behavior, even if done in the name of religion.  Many people think that if it is a Jewish amulet then it is ok to use it.  This was the mistake that was made in the first temple period.  In the time of Hezkiah the king, the people would come to the copper snake with intention of being healed.  King Hezkiah was forced to burn the miraculous snake that Moshe made in order to teach the people not to look for amulets.  If someone wants to be healed they should simply pray to God (no incantations, tehillim, or other segulot are necessary, simply asking God in one’s own words and praying Shaharit Minha or Arvit suffice) and perform mitzvot and good deeds.  This is how one should approach life.  The rabbis of the Mishna asked about the copper snake how it had the power to heal.  The answer the sages gave is that it had no power at all.  Its purpose was for the people to look up at it and realize that it is only a physical object with no power, but it is our God on high that has the only true power to heal us.  It is time we listen to the words of our sages and follow their advice.

 

2)  Q. Why does the Torah stress that “all” of the congregation came to Midbar Tzin?

     A.  To teach that they were all fit to enter Eretz Yisrael, because anyone who had sinned with the spies had already died.

 

3) Q.  During their journey in the Midbar (wilderness), through who's merit did the Jews receive water, and how do we know?

     A. The Midrash explains that Bene Yisrael received water in Miriam's merit.  This is because the next verse following her death describes that Bene Yisrael did not have water to drink.

e Jewish People?

       A.  The Torah describes them as Canaanites. However, Rashi explains that they were really Amalek. The Amalekites started speaking Canaanite so that when Bene Yisrael would pray to Hashem they would say ‘please deliver the Canaanites into our hands’. This did not work, because Bene Yisrael were confused when they heard them speaking Canaanite but did not look like Canaanites. So in the next Pasuk we see their prayer to Hashem “If he will deliver this people into my hand, I’ll consecrate their cities”.

 

8)   Q.   What was the “outpouring of rivers” (21:15)?

       A.  Rashi translates that blood was poured there. The Midrash says that the Amorites concealed themselves in caves in the mountain on the Moabite side of the valley in order to ambush the Jewish People. When the Jewish People approached, the mountain on the Eretz Canaan side of the valley moved close to the other mountain and the Amorites were crushed between the two mountains. Bene Yisrael did not even know about it until they saw the ‘river of blood’ pouring out from between the mountains.

 

9)  Q.   The Torah says that Bene Yisrael conquered until Bene Ammon but stopped there because of the "strength" of Ammon. What strength is this referring to?

      A.   In Devarim 2:19 Hashem commanded Bene Yisrael, "Do not harass them and you shall not provoke them, for I shall not give any of Ammon to you as an inheritance, for to the children of Lot have I given it as an inheritance."

 

10)  Q.  When Og (a giant) came out to fight, Hashem told Moshe “Do not fear him, for into your hand have I given him” Why was Moshe afraid of Og?

       A.   Og had once been of service to Abraham (Bereshit 14:13 The Midrash says that the ‘Palit’ was Og).  Moshe was afraid that this merit would assist Og in battle.  Obviously, this Midrash is not meant to be understood literally as Og could not have been that old.

 

11)  Q.  Who killed Og?

        A.  The midrash teaches that Og found the camp of Bene Yisrael to be about 8.5 square miles. He lifted a mountain whose base was about the same size and was about to throw it on them. Hashem pulled it from his hands and put the mountain on Og’s shoulders. Moshe who was about 8 feet tall took an axe that was 8 feet long and jumped about 8 feet in the air. The top of the axe reached Og’s ankles (about 24 feet above the ground). Moshe hit him, with the axe and he died (Berachot 54b).  Obviously, this Midrash (as many of them) is to be understood metaphorically.

 

12) Q.   Verse 20:23 states that Aharon died on the border of Edom.  Rashi says that the Jewish people lost Aharon there because they wanted a closer relationship with the evil Esav.  But verse 20:24 states that Aharon died because of his sin at Mei Meriva. Why does Rashi attribute Aharon's death to a different reason?

      A. When Hashem punishes someone, He takes into consideration the ramifications that the punishment will have on the entire world.  Aharon died because of his sin at Mei Meriva.  Rashi, however, teaches that the Jewish People deserved to lose Aharon there, because they wished to unite with Edom. (Sfat Emet).

 

13) Q.  Was there ever a case of accidental murder in the Midbar and how do we know?

  A. It says in 20:29 "And they wept for Aharon thirty days, even all the house of Israel."  The Meshech Chochma explains that from here we see that there was never a case of accidental murder in the Midbar, which would require the murderer to flee to the camp of

Levi. If there was someone in exile, then when Aharon died he would be permitted to return to his family.  He wouldn't have wept.

 

 

 

 

 

10 Great Jewish Proverbs

  • Pride. Pride is the mask of one's faults.

  • Giving. The man who gives little with a smile gives more than the man who gives much with a frown.

  • Friends. Who finds a faithful friend, finds a treasure.

  • Knowledge. Whoever does not try, does not learn.

  • Aspiration. If you don't aspire to great things, you won't attain small things.

  • Prayer. ...

  • Endure. ...

  • Good Deeds. ...

  • Learn. ...

 

 

 

 

THE SHABBAT SMILE

 

 

A fundraiser approached the palatial home of a wealthy Jew named Steinberg and knocked gently on the door. When Mr. Steinberg answered, the fundraiser asked, "Please, sir, I am collecting money for the poor, could you please spare a donation?"

Mr. Steinberg said, "I have made a fortune in my lifetime by supplying goods for people. I never give anything away for nothing. However, if you go around the back, you will see a gallon of paint and a clean paint brush. If you will paint my porch, I will make a considerable donation."

So the fundraiser went around back and a little later he again knocked on the door. Mr. Steinberg said, "Finished already? Good. Come on in. Sit down. I’ll write you a check."

The fundraiser said, "Thank you very much, Mr. Steinberg. But there is something that I think you should know. It's not a Porch, it's a BMW."

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rivkah asks Shlomo, "I'm short of some ingredients for the cake I'm baking, so could you please get some things for me from the supermarket?"

"Of course I can, darling," replies Shlomo. "What do you need?"

"Please get one carton of milk, and if they have eggs, get six." replies Rivkah.

Fifteen minutes later, Shlomo returns with six cartons of milk. Rivkah is furious with him. "You shmo! Why on earth did you buy six cartons of milk?"

"Because they had eggs," he replies

 

 


Shlomo and Shalom were arguing when their principal Mr. Samuels came across them in the hallway. "Why are you arguing?" Mr. Samuels asked.

Shlomo answered, "We found a ten-dollar bill and decided to give it to whoever tells the biggest lie.

"You should be ashamed of yourselves," said Mr. Samuels. "When I was your age, I didn't even know what a lie was."

The boys looked at each other quickly and then gave the ten dollars to Mr. Samuels.


 

LE SOURIRE DU CHABBAT


 

Un car de touristes s’arrête dans une propriété viticole du Beaujolais. Après la visite des caves et du laboratoire, les voyageurs sont dirigés vers la salle de dégustation. Le guide leur fait la promo :

- Voici notre vin d’appel. Il est léger avec un goût de banane à la mise en bouche, puis un discret parfum de noisette  quand on l’avale. Celui-ci est notre cuvée-vedette qui se boit avec tout. Il est gouleyant et son goût de fruits rouges  enchante le palais. Ce troisième vin est surprenant au départ. Certains y trouvent un goût d’amande amère initialement, voire même de girofle, mais rapidement il éclate en bouquet de mûre ou de groseille. "Mélodie" est notre  cuvée exotique. Quand vous écrasez ce vin sur votre palais, il se dégage des effluves de santal et de pétale de rose. Pour finir, le vin préféré des dames. Il se boit en apéritif ou au dessert. C’est une explosion de saveurs sucrées, un mélange  aux parfums de fraise, de framboise et de litchi. Est-ce que vous avez des questions ?

Mais auriez vous du vin à saveur de raisins 

 

Pourquoi Bill Gates aurait mieux faire d’être agriculteur ?

Parce que Windows plante sans arrêt.

 

 

2. Un homme rentre dans un restaurant :

 

 

– Garçon ! Servez-vous des nouilles ?

– Bien-sûr monsieur, ici on sert tout le monde.

3. Un motard va voir une blonde qui pousse sa voiture sur l’autoroute. Le motard lui demande:

 

 

– Madame, votre voiture est en panne ?

– Non non, elle est toute neuve !

– Alors pourquoi êtes-vous en train de la pousser

Parce que le garagiste m’a dit d’aller à 50Km en ville et de la pousser un peu sur l’autoroute.

CHABBAT SHALOM

MAGHEN ABRAHAM

 

DAVID HASSON

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Wed, October 27 2021 21 Cheshvan 5782