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M A Weekly Bulletin - PARACHAT KI TISSA - PARACHAT PARAH- 14 MARS 2020- 18 ADAR 5780

03/13/2020 12:42:16 PM

Mar13

M.A. WEEKLY BULLETIN  PARACHAT KI TISSA
                                   CHABBAT PARAH

SHABBAT TIMES
candle lighting 6:40 PM
chabbat morning :8:30  am
havdalla 7:44 pm

PARACHAT KI TISSA – CHABBAT PARAH -14 mars 2020/ 18 Adar 5780

PETIHAT HAHÉKHAL : ELIE ROMANO

Bon anniversaire à Jordan Adam Hadid et Yaffa Mikaella Hadid

HAZKAROT :

Joseph Meir Zalkha, oncle de Rita Guindi

Yaakov ben Latifé Tauby, père d’ Albert Tauby

Chabbat prochain c’est Chabbat Hahodesh, le Chabbat qui précède l’important mois de Nissan qui augure l’arrivée de la fête de Pessah et les préparatifs qui se rapportent à la fête

Nous sortons 2 Séfarim, le premier pour la paracha de la semaine, et le second pour Parah qui nous demande de nous purifier pendant cette période qui nous mène à Pessah

 

LA PARACHA EN BREF :

Par l’intermédiaire de Moïse, D.ieu demande aux enfants d’Israël que chacun, pour le rachat de sa personne, donne un demi sicle d’argent pour le Sanctuaire. Des instructions sont également données pour la fabrication de la cuve d’airain destinée aux ablutions et de son support. De même est indiqué le mode de confection de l’huile d’onction et de l’encens. Deux artisans au cœur empli de sagesse, Betsalel et Aholiab sont chargés de la construction du Sanctuaire. À nouveau, le respect du Chabbat est rappelé.

Moïse semblant tarder à redescendre du Mont Sinaï, le peuple se fait un veau d'or et se livre à son adoration. D.ieu veut détruire les enfants d’Israël, qualifiés de « peuple à la nuque dure ». Mais Moïse intercède. Il descend de la montagne, portant les Tables de la Loi sur lesquelles sont gravés les Dix Commandements.

Voyant le peuple danser autour de l’idole, il brise les Tables, puis détruit le veau d’or. Il entreprend de châtier les coupables. Puis Moïse retourne vers D.ieu et le supplie de pardonner, « sinon, dit-il, efface moi de Ton livre que Tu as écrit ».

D.ieu pardonne, mais la faute exercera ses effets pour longtemps. D.ieu propose d’abord d’envoyer Son ange pour qu’il accompagne le peuple. Mais Moïse obtient que ce soit D.ieu Lui-même qui accompagne Son peuple vers la Terre Promise.

Moïse prépare de nouvelles Tables et s’en retourne au sommet du Sinaï. Sur ces secondes Tables, D.ieu inscrit à nouveau les Commandements. Moïse reçoit la vision des Treize Attributs de miséricorde. À son retour, son visage est à ce point rayonnant qu’il doit se couvrir d’un voile qu’il ne retire que pour s’adresser à D.ieu et pour enseigner Ses lois au peuple.

© Copyright, all rights reserved. If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad.org's copyright policy.

© Copyright, all rights reserved. If you enjoyed this article, we encourage you to distribute it further, provided that you comply with Chabad.org's

 

Suivre l’exemple de Moïse

Troisième lecture: Exode 33,12–16

Adapté par Moshé Wisnefsky

Alors que Moïse se trouvait encore au mont Sinaï, D.ieu lui fit savoir que certains parmi le peuple adoraient le Veau d’or et qu’Il entendait tenir la communauté tout entière responsable de ne pas s’être élevée contre le méfait d’une minorité. Moïse plaida devant D.ieu pour le pardon du peuple ; D.ieu accepta de ne punir que la minorité coupable, mais fit valoir que Sa Présence ne pouvait désormais plus accompagner le peuple. Lorsque Moïse vit le peuple adorer le Veau d’or, il comprit qu’il n’était pas encore prêt à recevoir la Torah. Il jeta à terre les Tables sur lesquelles D.ieu avait inscrit les Dix Commandements et les brisa. Il monta à nouveau sur le mont Sinaï pour y demeurer 40 jours durant lesquels il s’assura du pardon de D.ieu pour le peuple. Après être revenu de son deuxième séjour sur le mont Sinaï, Moïse sollicita à nouveau que D.ieu permettre que Sa Présence réside au milieu du peuple, et D.ieu accepta.

Suivre l’exemple de Moïse

וַיֹּאמַר פָּנַי יֵלֵכוּ וגו': (שמות לג:יד)

D.ieu dit [à Moïse :] « Ma Présence marchera [à nouveau] avec vous. » Exode 33,14

Moïse sollicita de D.ieu qu’Il efface son nom de la Torah au cas où Il viendrait à refuser Son pardon au peuple. Moïse était prêt à renoncer à son lien avec la Torah par égard pour son peuple – tout son peuple, y compris ceux qui avaient adoré le Veau d’or.

Nous pouvons tous faire écho à l’abnégation manifestée par Moïse pour le peuple juif. Il n’est pas suffisant d’accomplir le commandement « aime ton prochain comme toi-même » ; nous devons être prêts à sacrifier jusqu’à ce qui nous est le plus cher pour le bénéfice du peuple juif en général et pour tout individu juif en particulier – aussi éloigné de D.ieu et de Sa Torah qu’il apparaisse.1

 

 

 

What Are the 13 Attributes?

The 13 Attributes of Mercy, according to the generally accepted opinions of Rabbenu Tam and Abudraham, are as follows:

– The Lord! (Adonai)–God is merciful before a person sins! Even though aware that future evil lies dormant within him.

– The Lord! (Adonai)–God is merciful after the sinner has gone astray.

– God (El)–a name that denotes power as ruler over nature and humankind, indicating that God’s mercy sometimes surpasses even the degree indicated by this name.

– Compassionate (rahum)–God is filled with loving sympathy for human frailty does not put people into situations of extreme temptation, and eases the punishment of the guilty.

– Gracious (v’hanun)–God shows mercy even to those who do not deserve it consoling the afflicted and raising up the oppressed.

– Slow to anger (ereh apayim)–God gives the sinner ample time to reflect, improve, and repent.

– Abundant in Kindness (v’rav hesed)–God is kind toward those who lack personal merits, providing more gifts and blessings than they deserve; if one’s personal behavior is evenly balanced between virtue and sin, God tips the scales of justice toward the good.

– Truth (v’emet)–God never reneges on His word to reward those who serve Him.

– Preserver of kindness for thousands of generations (notzeir hesed la-alafim)–God remembers the deeds of the righteous for thebenefit of their less virtuous generations of offspring (thus we constantly invoke the merit of the Patriarchs).

– Forgiver of iniquity (nosei avon)–God forgives intentional sin resulting from an evil disposition, as long as the sinner repents.

– Forgiver of willful sin (pesha)–God allows even those who commit a sin with the malicious intent of rebelling against and angering Him the opportunity to repent.

– Forgiver of error (v’hata’ah)–God forgives a sin committed out of carelessness, thoughtlessness, or apathy.

– Who cleanses (v’nakeh)–God is merciful, gracious, and forgiving, wiping away the sins of those who truly repent; however, if one does not repent, God does not cleanse.

 

 

 

 

Pourquoi Moché a t-il brisé les Louh'ot? Comment un homme aussi grand que Moché a t-il pu faire cela après s'être mis en colère?

En réalité, lorsqu'il recevait la Torah pendant quarante jours, Moché savait exactement la situation des Bnei Israel. En d'autres termes, il savait qu'ils fautaient avec le Veau d'or. On peut alors se demander : mais s'il savait déja pour le Veau d'or, pourquoi alors s'être énervé et avoir brisé les Louh'ot. On apprend alors que Moché a été pris de colère en voyant que les Bnei Israel ne regrettaient pas leur faute et que bien au contraire, ils jubilaient ! C'est alors que dans un accès de rage, il brisa les tables de lois car il n'y a rien de pire qu'un juif qui ne regrette pas les fautes qu'il fait et à plus forte raison, rien de pire qu'un juif fier de ses propres avéroth.
 

Quote of the day – from this week’s Parasha

“... וְרָחֲצוּ יְדֵיהֶם וְרַגְלֵיהֶם, וְ א יָמֻתוּ; וְהָיְתָה לָהֶם חָק-עוֹלָם ” “they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not; and it shall be a statute for ever to them...” Ki Tisa Exodus 30:21.

Wishing everyone a Shabbat Menucha, a peaceful and restful Shabbat and a break from chaos of the weekday and the disturbing CoviD19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KI TISSA QUIZ

 

Q In 31:3 Hashem tells Moshe that He will give Chochma (wisdom), Bina (understanding), and Da’at (knowledge) to Betzalel. What is the difference between the three?

A. There are different views on the answer to this question. Chochma is knowledge acquired from others. Bina is the deduction of new knowledge from what one has already learned. Da’at is divine inspiration.

Q Shabbat is “a sign” (31:13). What does it signify?

A. It is a sign between Hashem and the Jewish People that He has chosen them, and a sign to the nations of the world that He has sanctified the Jewish People. Tefillin is another example of a sign between us and Hashem. As it is redundant to have more than one sign at a time, we do not wear Tefillin on Shabbat and Yom Tov. Although according to the Torah, gemara, and early sages and rabbis we do wear tefillin on Hol Ha’moed (since it is not a “sign”), the custom developed and was promoted by the kabalstic teachings to change the law and no longer wear tefillin on Hol Ha’moed. Many Ashkenazim and some Sephardim refused to reform the law and have held onto the original Jewish law, continuing to wear Tefillin on Hol Ha’moed.

 

Q Why did Aharon build the altar for the golden calf by himself?

A. It seems from the text that he was pressured by the people to do so. It is possible that he hoped that by building it by himself it would take longer and in the interim Moshe would return.

 

Q. Why did Hashem tell Moshe “Go down because your nation has sinned” (32:7)?

A. According to the midrash this is because the people that sinned were the non-Jews who came out of Egypt, who Moshe accepted and converted. A more literal explanation is that it was Hashem distancing Himself from the people.

 

Q Why did Moshe break the Tablets?

A. According to the Midrash, Moshe reasoned, that if the Torah did not permit those who have estranged themselves from the Torah to partake in a single commandment (Pesach sacrifice), surely the entire Torah couldn’t be given to a whole nation who has estranged itself from Hashem! The Gemara writes that this was one of three things that Moshe decided to do on his own, and Hashem later agreed to. Other opinions believe that he threw them out of anger and this was not proper for him to do.

 

Q Rather than wipe out the Jewish People for the sin of the golden calf, Hashem agreed to punish them gradually. How did this affect the Jewish People throughout history?

A. Whenever Hashem punished the Jewish People for a sin, part of that punishment would serve as payment for the sin of the golden calf.

 

Q Why did Hashem tell Moshe to go up to Israel?

A. Because Israel is the ‘highest’ of all lands (Tractate Zevachim 54b). This is a textual source for referring to “emigration to Israel” as “Aliyah” or ascending.

 

Q Which events took place on these dates: a) 17 Tamuz; b) 18 Tamuz; c) 19 Tamuz; d) 1 Elul; e) 10 Tishrei; f) 1 Nisan?

  1. a) Moshe came down from Har Sinai and broke the Tablets. (This day is also a fast day because it was the day the wall around Jerusalem was breached leading to the destruction of the Temple) b)Moshe burned the golden calf and punished the offenders. C) Moshe went up a second time to Har Sinai. d) Moshe went up a third time to Har Sinai. (This is also the day we start saying Selichot) e)Hashem forgave the Jewish people and gave Moshe the Second Tablets.(This is also Yom Kippur) f) The Mishkan was completed.

 

Q How many times is the ban on meat and milk mentioned, and why?

A. Three times; Once to prohibit eating meat and milk, once to prohibit deriving any benefit from a milk/meat product (i.e. selling) and once to prohibit cooking them together (even if not eating it). Since the term that is used is cooking, it is only cooked meat/milk that is biblically forbidden. Milk/Meat mixtures that are not cooked together are forbidden to eat by the rabbis.

 

Q. “Moshe descended from the mountain with the two tablets of Testimony in his hand.” (32:15) What was the shape of the tablets?

A. The generally accepted illustration of the tablets, square on the bottom with rounded semi-circular tops, is inaccurate. The Gemara (Baba Batra 14a) states that each of the tablets were six tefachim (hand breadths – each tefach is ~8cm) in length, six tefachim in breadth, and three tefachim in depth. From this alone, we see that the tablets were square at both ends (66 tefachim) and not rounded at one end. Furthermore, the Gemara accounts for all the space in the Ark—how it was filled up—either by the tablets and the sefer Torah or the tablets and silver pillars (called “amudim”) alongside them. There were no spaces unaccounted for, as there would have been if the tablets had been rounded at one end.

 

 

 

Question of the Day

When purchasing meat (roast, chicken, etc.) for Passover, does the meat need special certification that it is Kosher for Passover?

No, it does not. Meat is made out of animal flesh. Animal flesh is not one of the 5 grains forbidden on Passover. It does not matter what type of knife the meat was cut with and it does not matter if the butcher or supermarket was koshered for Passover yet. So any meat you bought last week or last month and is in your fridge of freezer is 100% kosher to use for Passover.

 

 

PROVERBES :

 

Grain par grain, la poule emplit son ventre

La lune et l'amour, quand ils ne croissent pas, décroissent

Maman c'est sûr, papa peut-être

Dieu donne les noix, mais il ne les casse pas.

Si Dieu ferme une porte, il ouvre aussitôt une fenêtre

Qui ment une fois, ment toujours

La beauté est dans l'œil de celui qui regarde.

Pendant toute ta vie, vis et apprends : vis pour apprendre ; apprends pour vivre.

Chacun pense que son coucou chante mieux que le rossignol des autres.

Soyez fidèle en amitié, vos amis le seront aussi.

Fais en sorte que tes enfants n'aperçoivent point en toi ce que tu blâmes chez autrui

 

 

THE SHABBAT SMILE

 

Several women were visiting elderly Mrs. Diamond who was very ill. After a while, they rose to leave and told her, "Esther, we will keep you in our prayers." "Just wash the dishes in the kitchen," the ailing woman said, "I can do my own praying."

   

An American tourist in Tel Aviv was about to enter the impressive Mann Auditorium to take in a concert by the Israel Philharmonic. He was admiring the unique architecture, the sweeping lines of the entrance, and the modern decor throughout the building. Finally he turned to his escort and asked if the building was named for Thomas Mann, the world-famous author.
"No," his friend said, "it's named for Fredric Mann, from Philadelphia."
"Really? I never heard of him. What did he write?"
"A check".

 
 
 

Man goes to see the Rabbi.
Man: Rabbi, something terrible is happening and I have to talk to you about it.
Rabbi: what's wrong?
Man: My wife is poisoning me.
Rabbi: How can that be?
Man: I'm telling you, I'm certain she's poisoning me.
What should I do?
Rabbi: Tell you what. Let me talk to her, I'll see what I can find out, and I'll let you know.
A week later the Rabbi calls the man.
Rabbi: Well, I spoke to your wife. I spoke to her on the phone for three hours. You want my advice?
Man: Yes, Rabbi.
Rabbi: Take the poison.

 

The Furniture Man

My cousin Moishe owned one of the biggest and fastest-growing businesses in Miami, a furniture store. I convinced him that he needed to take a trip to Italy to check out the merchandise himself, and because he was still single, he could check out all the hot Italian women, and maybe get lucky.

As Moishe was checking into a hotel he struck up an acquaintance with a beautiful young lady... she only spoke Italian and he only spoke English, so neither understood a word the other spoke. He took out a pencil and a notebook and drew a picture of a taxi. She smiled, nodded her head and they went for a ride in the park. Later, he drew a picture of a table in a restaurant with a question mark and she nodded, so they went to dinner. After dinner he sketched two dancers and she was delighted. They went to several nightclubs, drank champagne, danced and had a glorious evening. It had gotten quite late when she motioned for the pencil and drew a picture of a four-poster bed.

Moishe was dumbfounded, and to this day remarks to me that he's never be able to understand how she knew he was in the furniture business.

 

 

CHABBAT CHALOM / MAGHEN ABRAHAM    David Hasson

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Sat, August 8 2020 18 Av 5780